The case involved a mobile home park landlord who filed an eviction case because the tenant was allowing her adult son and his girlfriend to stay in the tenant’s home without park approval. The park is a “55 or older” facility, and neither the son or girlfriend met the park’s age requirements. More importantly, the son’s presence in the park was accompanied by constant visitor traffic at all hours of the day.
The park issued a 30-day, for-cause notice to the tenant after confirming that the son and girlfriend were indeed staying there. At trial, the judge believed the evidence that the son was staying in the home, but took issue with the park’s overnight guest policy. The judge found that the rental agreement policy allowing only 14 overnight visits per year was “unconscionable.” The court stated that the limit was “unreasonable, obscure, and empowers Landlord excessively to Tenant’s detriment.” The judge went on to consider other factors in deciding the case, but an underlying theme was that tenants should be allowed more time for guest visits.
As a trial court decision, the case does not establish a legal precedent on overnight guest visits. However, while each case is different, landlords could limit their potential liability by expanding overnight visits above 14 days per year. Based on this particular judge’s opinion, a 21-day per year limit might be a good safeguard. This adjustment could help negate the “unconscionable” argument by establishing a more relaxed guest policy.
If your park rules already allow more than 14 overnights per year for guests, it would be wise to rely on that policy to enforce guest visits. If you choose to amend your existing guest policy, mobile home park landlords can do so by issuing a rule change notice under ORS 90.610 (MHCO Form 60.) Non-park landlords can implement a new guest policy by having tenants sign off on a new guest policy rule. However, as usual, consult with an attorney before undertaking any rule changes with your tenants, and before filing an eviction action based on guest limitation violations.
MHCO FORM UPDATE: MHCO’s rental agreement forms are in the process of being updated to allow 21 days per calendar year for guest visits (MHCO Forms 05A, 05B, 05C, and MHCO Form 80).